Psychoanalytical Training Standards of the Istanbul Psychoanalytical Association

Istanbul Psychoanalytical Association holds a candidate position for being a member of the International Psychoanalytical Association (IPA) founded by Sigmund Freud, and adopts its training criteria. Ever since the 1920s, psychoanalytical training has been sitting on a three-legged structure: First is the analysis of the candidate, the second is attendance to theoretical and clinical seminars which are designed according to an established training program, and the third one is monitoring of the first analysis cases under the supervision of training analysts. 

Among the three training models IPA has approved, Istanbul Psychoanalytical Association has preferred the one defined as the French model. [1]According to this model, candidates begin their individual analysis before the psychoanalytical training and cannot apply for it until the third years of their analysis. Whether the candidate may begin his/her training is decided upon the interviews with the Training Committee which is made up of training analysts. Candidates accepted for psychoanalytical training are asked, according to certain rules, to choose from a list of theoretical and clinical seminars, and are expected to actively attend them for a given period. 

​Candidates may apply for supervision at least a year after being accepted to the training program. If the same committee makes a positive evaluation for this application, the candidates take their first analysis case and start following  it under the supervision of a training analyst. After a certain period of time, the candidates are allowed to take a second analysis case, again under supervision. Psychoanalytical training program of the Istanbul Psychoanalytical Association requires candidates to regularly attend the theoretical and clinical seminars provided by the guest training psychoanalysts from abroad. 

Candidates who continue their individual analysis for a sufficient amount of time, actively participate in theoretical and clinical seminars, receive supervisions on the pre-established time periods, and attend to workshops held by foreign psychoanalysts can apply to the Training Committee to complete their training. If the Training Committee reaches a positive conclusion after evaluating the candidates’ file and the presentation of one of the supervision cases, the candidates are accepted to have completed their psychoanalytical training. In this way, they are recognized as a psychoanalyst and a member of both Istanbul Psychoanalytical Association and International Psychoanalytical Association. 

Again based on the preferred model, the candidate’s analyst is kept completely outside of the psychoanalytical training process which was only briefly described here. This way, personal analysis process takes place only between the analyst and the analysand; meaning, the process is tried to be guarded from any institutional effect. On the other hand, the candidate is free to choose the seminars to attend and the supervisors to work with. This is because we believe that the psychoanalytical training should not dictate the candidates what to do, and instead, should provide them a variety of options as possible and a solid framework. Psychoanalytical training should be like a color palette for the candidates. They should be able to pick their own colors and, with French psychoanalyst Simone Decobert’s words, should be able to paint the psychoanalyst they wish to be on the psychoanalytical canvas in accordance with their own “personal equations”. 


İstanbul Psychoanalytical Association - Training Committee

Note: Those who want to start their psychoanalytical training can write to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 


 [1] For further information on Psychoanalytical Training and training models accepted by International Psychoanalytical Associations see the journal file “Psychoanalytical Training” in Psychoanalytical Writings issue 25. Psikanaliz Yazıları, 25, Bağlam yayınları, İstanbul, 2012.